Quack

Young Men – A working man who accidentally found a cure for Youthful Folly, after doctor’s failed will gladly send Cure Free to sufferers.  Enclose stamps. – Fred Watson, P.O. Elizabeth St North, Melbourne.

Advertisement in the West Coast Times, 14 May, 1906

One of the things that Mr. Bligh talked about in his one and a half hour lectures on impurity was the number of quacks trying to sell fake masturbation cures.  He had two complaints.  Firstly, he was incredulous that newspapers were allowed to print the advertisements at all considering the topic which they broached.  That they were allowed to do so because they were ambiguous (“youthful folly”) was just not good enough.  Complaining about ambiguity seems a curious thing for Mr. Bligh to do given his steadfast refusal to name the very thing he built his entire lectures around.  The second point that angered Bligh, and here I am in complete agreement with the man, was that the products these people were selling were completely bogus and in some cases dangerous.  He particularly railed against the electric belt cure.  I think we can all agree that anything to do with electricity and genitals is probably going to be bad.  It is also reassuring to see that the scams of today existed one hundred years ago; people trying to sell men useless things to do with their penises.

Bligh made quite an extensive tour of New Zealand in 1906, and his movements can be traced through the pages of the regional newspapers.  He seemed to follow the same schedule in every town: a few lectures at boys’ schools, two lectures on the Perils of Impurity (men only), and one of the Power of Womanhood (women only… except for Mr. Bligh presumably).  He was generally very well received.  In Ashburton he spoke for an hour and a half and “dealt with the sacredness of the reproduction of life, and pointed to the many lessons that could be learned from the birds and animals” (for example the praying mantis?).  In Hokitika he recommended the book Confidential Talks With Young Men by Dr. L. Sperry whose guide to married life suggested a married couple could manage sex four times a month without coming to harm. 

greymouth

Greymouth, c.1900, Alexander Turnbull Library

The White Cross League was in Wanganui by August of 1906 now with a free rail pass from the government.  The reporter for the Wanganui Herald further enlightens us on the content of Bligh’s speech when he says that the great man “remarked on the care with which the breeding of stock was carried on, and deplored the fact that, through a senseless feeling [of] misplaced modesty, people… took no interest in the propogation of a healthy human race.”  Bligh ended his lecture to the women of Wanganui on a curious note, quoting the Saviour: “He that is without sin among you, let him cast the first stone.”  Charitable no doubt, but also perhaps suggesting that he and his audience were wankers.

Of course things didn’t always go Bligh’s way.

In the course of his address at the Greymouth District High School on Thursday last, Mr. Bligh stated that at the conclusion of his lecture to the Taylorville school boys on the previous day, he asked all those who desired to live good and pure lives to stand.  All the boys but one stood up at once, whereupon the headmaster, Mr Scott, presuming the lecturer’s request had not been fully comprehended by this lad, approached him asked him why he had not stood up with the others.  Imagine the master’s astonishment when the boy coolly replied: “I can be good sitting.”

Monday, 21 May, 1906, Grey River Argus

 

Unchastity

On 1 July 1906 three thousand men and boys attended a meeting in the Wellington Town Hall to hear Mr. Bligh of the Australian White Cross League deliver a lecture on “The Perils of Impurity”.  Lord Plunket introduced the speaker, and then Mr. Bligh took the stage:

“Give me manly boys, manly men!  Men who will do right for right’s own sake and find sweet reward in it!”  Applause broke forth.  “There is a beautiful spirit of chivalry in every boy.  I can still picture the scene as I stood before a class of boys recently and said: ‘Laddies, if you hear anyone insulting a girl, just give them a taste of that!'” – and the speaker advanced his clenched fist.

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It is only later in the lecture that it becomes slightly clearer, although never explicitly stated, exactly which impurity men and boys are in peril of.

Where a youth had erred sympathy for the ignorance that led to his error should be expressed; guidance to a better standard of life, to a sane practice of bodily habits, should be given.  Let any sufferer take cold baths, read pure literature, and pray God assistance to do right.  Control of the passions should be aimed at….  Many a boy had spoilt the best of his bodily and mental powers because he did not understand himself.

Apparently Bligh’s call to purity had been a big hit with the boys of Wellington College, although it’s quite possible that a large portion of his audience hadn’t really penetrated the verbiage and picked up on the bit about masturbation.  Probably they got the part about  being the kind of laddie who would bash another laddie for insulting a girl. 

Mr. Bligh condemned remedies for the condition sold by quacks, and instead advised a forthright discussion between father and son.  In this he was joined by a prominent doctor:

Dr. Truby King, of Seacliff Lunatic Asylum, put the case in a sentence when he said: “These quacks are sending men here wholesale!”

Bligh closed his speech with the following thoughts:

God had so planned the body so that man would never bcome impotent through chastity, though through unchastity he frequently did so become.

Presumably God had also planned the body of man so that the impure act was possible.  This seems a terrible blunder in the plan.

In 1906 Mr. Bligh also wrote a letter to the New Zealand Secretary of Education:

Dear Sir
   I respectfully urge that it would be a great help to many a lad under State Control, if the Government Medical Officers were granted full permission to perform the operation of circumcision whenever in their opinion it would be an advantage to the boy. Experience in White Cross work both in Australia & New Zealand has proved to me that many lads fall into the habit of self abuse, mainly through the fact that in their case it is impossible to remove the foreskin, so irritation is caused through lack of cleansing, young lives are spoilt.  No doubt many of the Medical Officers have thought the same as myself but I believe that if the Department will give them liberty in this matter very much good will result. Parents are neglectful in acquainting themselves with the needs of their boys, especially concerning the sexual organs, so to many lads the State has to do that which is left undone by those who might have attended to this part of the boy’s life.

It’s very hard to read some of this with a straight face (“Son, I fear I have been neglecting your sexual organs”), but we should be clear about what Bligh is asking for: the circumcision of boys in the care of the state who have masturbated or “wet” their beds.  Dr. King’s contribution to the lecture also suggests that masturbators were sent to his asylum.  It is a peculiar age that fosters this kind of thinking and the crossover from morality into medicine is often an uncomfortable one.  Of course we are also in a time where organisations like the state and the church had not lost their authority to invasively act upon the bodies of their citizens, a phenomenon that would begin to be looked on differently after the mechanism of the Nazi government was fully revealed.

***

Dr. King was back at the Wellington Town Hall on Thursday 9 August to deliver a lecture on the rearing of plants and animals with special reference to the feeding of infants.  Mrs. King was to give a demonstration on the Friday, although it is unclear from the advertisement what she would be demonstrating; perhaps an animal rearing an infant.

Truby

Eleanor went to personally thank Truby King for the lend of the snap and go wheels from Plunket when she was a newborn.  Truby King Park is in Melrose on a hill behind the zoo.  I had never heard of Truby King Park before, and went there for the first time this week.  Mr. King built his house there along with a Karitane Hospital and a factory to make baby formula.  It’s all still there, surrounded by bush and winding brick walls and arches made out of local brick.  The factory has been turned into apartments, and the hospital is now a conference centre.

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When you get up to the actual mausoleum there is a relief bust of Truby.  Strangely, even though the bust is only of his head and shoulders he appears to be naked (well, shirtless).  I hope no one is sculpting me in the buff when I’m in my seventies.  On either side of the central plaque there is this:

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Save the babies?  From who… the mothers?  Needless to say I have a new obsession. 

Let’s find out more about Truby.